Today, orthodontic treatment is simple, convenient and affordable for patients of all ages. Here are the three main reasons why people seek an orthodontist:

Braces can create a beautiful smile and improve self-confidence

The most visible benefit of undergoing orthodontic treatment is the improved appearance and self-esteem that comes from a straight, beautiful smile! It has been shown that a better appearance can help a person’s academic, professional and personal success, and that one of the most significant factors of appearance is an attractive smile. Having a beautiful smile can help a patient look and feel better about themselves, which can have a significant impact on every aspect of their life. Certain appliances, used in conjunction with braces, can modify the facial bone structure of a growing patient and improve the growth pattern of the jaws. This is why orthodontics has gained such popularity over the last few decades among children and adults alike.

Better oral health

Visiting the orthodontist improves oral health in many ways. Straight teeth are healthier and also easier to brush and floss, minimizing the risk for developing periodontal disease (gum disease). Teeth in proper alignment have less plaque buildup leading to healthier gums and fewer cavities. Also, certain bite issues can lead to damage to the teeth (fracture or abnormal wear of the enamel) and/or gums. Improper tooth alignment may cause gum recession, contributing to periodontal disease.

Assist in proper oral function

Some bite issues make it hard to chew, bite, enunciate certain sounds, or just find a comfortable place for the jaws to rest in. These functional problems can lead to clenching, grinding, muscle fatigue and spasm, which have been linked to jaw joint (TMJ) dysfunction, headaches, and neck pain. By creating a healthier bite through orthodontic treatment, these problems may be prevented or alleviated.

Early Treatment

Also called “Phase I” – Orthodontic warning signs in 7 a year old

children's braces

Do the upper teeth protrude?

Excessive protrusion of the upper front teeth – “buck teeth” – is by far the most common orthodontic problem.

childrens braces - buck teeth

Is there an open bite?

The child can stick his or her tongue between the upper and lower front teeth when the back teeth are together.

braces - open bite

Is there a deep bite?

The upper front teeth cover the lower front teeth too much.

braces - deep bite

Is there an under bite?

The upper teeth fit inside the arch of the lower teeth.

braces - under bite

Do the midlines line up?

The spaces between the two upper front teeth and the lower front lower teeth should line up with each other and both should line up with the bridge of the nose. When they do not, the probable cause is drifted teeth or a shifted lower jaw, resulting in an improper bite.

How is spacing between the teeth?

Crowded or overlapped teeth….or noticeably large gaps between teeth.

kids orthodontics - spacing between the teeth

kids orthodontics - teeth spacing

Children’s braces can align teeth during your child’s growth and development stages. The timing of orthodontic treatment is appropriate when patients have baby teeth as well as permanent teeth. We, as orthodontists, will recommend the appropriate timing of treatment and give you options for your child’s specific needs.

Phase I may begin as early as 6-8 years of age. At this age your child usually has 12 of the permanent teeth present. This treatment helps correct harmful jaw discrepancies and makes dental adjustments that are best taken care of while the patient is growing. The treatment usually lasts for 12-18 months. Some reasons for interceptive treatment may be “buck teeth”, persistent thumb sucking habit, deficient jaw growth, early loss of baby teeth and maligned anterior teeth. It is very important to remember that Phase I treatment usually does not eliminate the need for later treatment of the permanent teeth.

Removable and/or fixed appliances will be used between Phase I and Phase II to help guide the eruption of any permanent teeth during this period. Observation visits every 3-6 months are needed to monitor your child’s progress between phases.

Phase II (definitive treatment) braces are used to adjust the positions of your permanent teeth to develop a proper bite and achieve the best aesthetic results. This phase is usually started when there are only a few baby teeth remaining which occurs at approximately 10-12 years of age.

Advantages of early treatment

  1. Preventive care philosophy.
  2. Growth guidance is easier before adolescence.
  3. Decreased chances of trauma to anterior teeth.
  4. Cosmetic benefits – some kids may get picked on at school.
  5. Decreases the need for extraction of permanent teeth.
  6. Decreases the need for surgery.

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